Internet kya hai? Ise kisne banaya? Ye kam kaise karta hai?

June 12, 2018


Hello Friends,
Doston, aaj duniya bahut hi adhunik ho chuki hai aur kai salon ka safar insan kuchh hi hours me tay kar rha hai, Aasan communication ke jariye aaj duniya bahut hi speed ho gyi hai aur in sabhi chijon ki wajah sirf ek network hai jo kam insan hazaron salon me nahi kar paya is network ne kuchh hi daskon me kar dikhaya, insan ki behtar soch hone ke bawjood bhi ek dusre se kam samay me sampark karna bahut hi muskil tha Aur aaj hum jisse chahe kuchh hi seconds me sampark kar lete hain aur in sab ka karan hai “Internet”. Jab se Internet ka aavishkar hua duniya bahut teji se aage badhne lagi hai.

Doston, Aaj ke time me hum bina khaye 5 ghante rah skte hain lekin bina internet ke hamare liye 1 ghanta rahna bahut muskil ho gaya hai. Hum whatsapp ya aur social networking site chalate hain jo logon ko ek dusre ke sath jod kar rakhta hai ye sari chijen sambhaw ho payi Internet ki wajah se.
Lekin doston aapne kabhi socha hai ki ye Internet hai kya, Ise kisne banaya hai, Iski suruat kab hui, Aur sabse jaruri bat ki ye kam kaise karta hai. To chaliye jante hain :-

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Internet kaya hai? Iski khoj kab hui? Iski khoj kisne ki?
Doston, Internet ek aisi network programming hai jiske jariye do ya do se adhik computer ko joda jata hai  Ya wishwa ke sare computer ko jodne ke liye use me lane wali technology hi Internet kahlati hai.
Is adhunik network ki suruat 1962 me hui thi. 1962 me Jesia Liclidan ne ek sanstha banayi thi Jisko inhone DARPA ( Defence advance research project agency ) name diya. Is sanstha ke dwara Liclidan ne ek network banaya jise inhone Integletic network name diya. Is network ko banane ka ek hi maksad tha Sari duniya ko ek sath jodna. 1974 me DARPA ke do adhikari Vinkaf or Bobkan ne milkar TCP ( transmission Computer protocol ) banaya aur Integletic network ka name badal kar Internet rakh diya. 1 january 1983 ko DARPA ke chief member vinkaf aur bobkan ne DARPA ko ARPA Network me badal diya aur inhone iske sath Ip ( Internet protocol )  banaya jiske wajah se har computer ki unique ID ho gayi aur Is Internet protocol ke jariye koi bhi machine internet ko access kar sakti thi. Ab tak Internet sirf data transferring, calculating aur 2D game ke liye Istemal ki jati thi lekin 1984 me Doctor john postal ne Domain extation banaya Jise aaj hum [.com, .net, .org, .in] ke name se jante hain. Iske jariye website banana sambhaw hua or website banne lagi. Lekin website sirf sahron tak hi simit thi. 1989 me  Vinkaf or bobkan ne internet ko Commercialize kar ISP yani Internet service provider company banayi aur iske jariye bad pahli bar duniya me Internet ko Expand karna suru kiya aur uske bad 1991 me Dimms bannali jo ki ek Scientist the Inhone “ www yani world wide web” banaya jiske jariye se internet access karna sari duniya ke kiye sambhaw ho paya .

1995 me Internet ki speed 28KbpS thi aur us samay duniya ke 16M log internet use karte the lekin aaj 23  salon kle bad Internet ki Average speed 5.6MbpS ho gayi aur duniya ke lagbhag 3.6 Billion log Internet istemal karne lage Aur inhi 22 salon me internet me 195% badhotri hui hai 1999 me napson ne 18 years ki age me hi Wireless Fertilated network baanaya jise aaj ham Wi-Fi ke name se bhi jante hai aur Iske jariye Internet ko bina wire ke share karna sambhaw ho paya.

To Doston, Internet kya hai ise kisne banaya iski jabkari to maine de di to chaliye ab jante hain ki Interner kam kaise karta hai :-

Doston, aapko lagta hoga ki Internet sattelite se chalta hoga, Aapko lagta hoga ki Internet ka jal puri duniya me bichha kar rakha hoga, par shayad aapko nahin pata hoga ki 99% Internet chalta hai optic Fiber cable se. Ab aap bolenge ki mobile me Internet kaha se aata hai, Mobie me cable to hota hi nahi lekin doston jis bhi tawer se aapke moile me network aata hai wahan se cable judi hui hain.

Doston, aapke pas aate aate Ise 3 alag alag companies ke through gujarna padta hai, to chaliye detail se samajhte hai  Inke bare me :-

1:-  Tear one company :- Is company ka kam hota hai puri duniya me samudra ke andar optic fiber cable bichhana. Internet bilkul free hai doston bas aapko un cables or un cables ke paise dene hote hain. Ab aap kahiyega ki cable to ek bar bichh chuki hai to humse baar baar paise kyun liye jate hin to doston cables ko maiteness ki bhi jarurat hoti hai, kyunki cable to pani ke andar tut bhi skti hai ya phir ho skta hai koi machhli use nukshan pahunchati ho. To doston tear one company ka bas itna hi kam hota hai. Ye jo cable compani dware bichhyi jato hai ye ek mote Cover ke undar bahut se wire bilkul hamare bal ke size ke barabar hoti hai. Aur har ek wire ki speed 100GbpS hoti hai. Aap image me dekh sakte hain ki ye cables kaisi hoti hai,

Doston ek website hai submarinecablemap.com agar aap isme jaiyega to aapko pata chal jayega ki duniya me kul kitne cable bichhe hue hain or world map me aapko dikhaya bhi jayega.

Or doston, relaince company ne apni khhud ki submarine cables bichha rakhi hai asia, africa, aur urope me isliye ye hames free me Internet de deti hai. Isne pahle hi cables me invest kar chuke hain.

2:- tear two Company :- Tear one company to India tak aone cables le aati hai aur ab tear two company unhe paise deti hai aur phir India ya aur bhi Countries me ek hi bat hai, me tear two company apna cable bichhati hai aur unme invest karti hai aur jitne me tear one company se kharidti hai usse kahin guna adhik hamse leti hai.

3:- Tear three company ka kam hai jin jagahon par tear two company apni Cables nhi pahuncha pati hai waise jagahon par tear three company apne paise invest kar ke cable bichhati hai.
Kul mila kar Internet bilkul free hai hame bas in cables aur inke mainteness ke paise dene hote hain.

Doston, aap kahiyega ki Internet ki speed kabhi kam to kabhi jyada kyun hoti hai to doston man lijiye aapke Area ke tower me 1GbpS ka speed hai aur jitne bhi us tower ke users hain un sabhi ko divide kar ke ek average nikal ke hume speed di jati hai isliye to aap kabhi dekhiyega ki 12 baje rat ko speed adhik hoti hai kyunki us samay utne users nhi hote aur din me users badh jati hai Isliye speed kam ho jati hai.

Asha karta hoon ki maine Aapko internet ke nirman se sambandhit sabhi chijon ko bata diya hai..
Agar aapko ye aarticle se 1% bhi jankari mili ho to mere is article ko share kar dijiye jisse adhik log ise jan sake aur ho sake to mere website ko follow bhi kar lijiyega kyunki main aise hi information aapke liye lata hi rahta hoon.
                                                                                                         Jai Hind, vande matram 
 
  

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